An international team of researchers from the University of Michigan, NetIndia, Ltd., in Hyderabad, and at a non-profit in the Netherlands, including CSE Asst. Prof. J. Alex Halderman, has demonstrated that electronic voting machines in India, the world's largest democracy, are vulnerable to fraud.
In a demonstration video available at http://IndiaEVM.org, the researchers show two attacks against an actual Indian electronic voting machine. One attack involves replacing a small part with a look-alike component that can be instructed to steal a percentage of the votes from a candidate. Another attack uses a pocket-sized device to change the votes stored in the machine between the election and the public counting session, which in India can be weeks later.
The researchers have published their findings in a paper entitled, "Security Analysis of India's Electronic Voting Machines."
Because elections in India are conducted almost exclusively using electronic voting machines, this research contains important lessons for Indian elections. Beyond that, similar security issues potentially exist for other regions employing similar electronic voting machines and procedures.
Research website, including video, Q&A, and additional material.
University of Michigan News Service Press Release
Posted: May 4, 2010