Dawson Yee: Kinect-ing Xbox to the World
Dawson Yee (MSE EE ’87) was the Hardware System Engineer and Architect for Xbox 360 Kinect and Xbox One Kinect. Xbox 360 Kinect became the best-selling product in consumer electronics history - selling more than eight million units its first holiday season and extending the capabilities of Xbox well beyond a pure gaming machine. To bring about a high-quality product that had never been done before, Dawson said he found himself going back to some of the basics he learned 20 years earlier at Michigan.
A big step forward for the latest Xbox One Kinect is its advanced voice and gesture capabilities. Using depth sensing, the Xbox One Kinect is able to recognize and track multiple users simultaneously. It also has the potential to enable capabilities such as monitoring your heart rate, and seeing in the dark.
“Both versions of Kinect have high precision optical, thermal, mechanical, and electrical sub-systems – all of which have to come together and work in harmony. It also has to be reliable, safe, and affordable,” said Yee, who was responsible for balancing all of these elements and overseeing the hardware design that made it possible.
But it can do more – and it is up to other creative developers to exploit its potential.
Some of Dawson’s favorite (non-Xbox) Kinect application came out of medicine. Doctors in Toronto are utilizing Kinect to manipulate X-ray images without having to touch a computer - thereby helping mitigate contamination. Other medical uses involve using Kinect for physical therapy and rehabilitation.
Some other interesting uses have included Nordstrom stores using Kinect for an interactive store window display, and scientists investigating using Kinect to determine the mass of astronauts aboard the International Space Station.
Dawson is thrilled that his work on Kinect has bred creativity and enhanced lives beyond videogames. “The Kinect projects are really great,” he said, “because the knowledge I’m applying is contributing to a greater good.”
He continued driving Kinect through its second generation, released November of 2013, and says he is now working on new projects and incubating new ideas.
Dawson Yee and his children out for a bike ride
Dawson considers it a duty to give back, and he does so in many aspects of his life. He bicycles 8.5 miles each way to work every day. He loves it, but he also appreciates saving the environment from the impact of yet one more car.
At work, Dawson shares the wisdom gained from past experiences by mentoring employees, and helping them break down difficult problems to find solutions.
And joining the Victors for Michigan campaign, Dawson and his wife Wendy have pledged a generous gift to support ECE. "I look at the choices I have, and when I wonder why they exist, I think a lot of it has to do with knowledge." said Dawson, who believes that:
“Giving back is an obligation. You owe it to the people who helped you along the way, you owe it to your school, and you owe it to mankind.”
Especially for students: Will I ever use that class?
Students taking yet another of their required classes may wonder, “Will I ever use this in real life?”
Dawson Yee enjoyed and hoped to build upon those semiconductor courses he took as a graduate student at Michigan. “The solid-state optics work I did was never put to deep use during my ten years at Intel,” said Dawson, who joined the company after graduating with his master’s degree in 1987.
While at Intel, he worked on (16 MHz 80386SX) PC systems as a Hardware Design Engineer, helped assess upcoming new technology companies, was Chief Architect for Family Room computer systems, and ultimately became the Engineering Manager for System Hardware Architecture in their Mobile Products Group.
After ten years he moved to Microsoft, looking for new adventures. He continued working on hardware at Microsoft, which aligned with his passions and strengths.
“When I went to work on Kinect, which has lasers and all types of semiconductor technology, I reached into my toolbox and remembered what I learned in my classes at Michigan twenty years earlier,” said Dawson. “You just never know when you’ll need to pull it up. My advice is to feed your curiosity and soak up whatever knowledge you can.”
“When I went to work on Kinect, which has lasers and all types of semiconductor technology, I reached into my toolbox and remembered what I learned in my semiconductor and solid-state optics classes at Michigan twenty years earlier. You just never know when you’ll need to pull it up. My advice is to feed your curiosity and soak up whatever knowledge you can.”
"I'd rather create inventions than write the patents."
(author of 81 patents to date)
More About Dawson Yee
Member of Microsoft Senior Bench/High Potential Program
81 patents granted and in application
Strategic Interviewer for Microsoft
Dawson Talks about the first Kinect