Research News

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Sep 26, 2014
Blue LED breakthrough for efficient electronics

In a step that could lead to longer battery life in smartphones and lower power consumption for large-screen televisions, Prof. Stephen Forrest and his team have extended the lifetime of blue organic light emitting diodes by a factor of 10. [Full Story]


Related Topics:  Electronic devices  Forrest, Stephen  LEDs  Solid-state Devices and Nanotechnology  

Sep 11, 2014
Fighting lung cancer with faster image processing

A new $1.9 million research program led by Prof. Jeff Fessler seeks to make low-dose computed tomography scans a viable screening technique by speeding up the image reconstruction from half an hour or more to just five minutes.The advance could be particularly important for fighting lung cancers, as symptoms often appear too late for effective treatment. Prof. Thomas Wenisch is collaborating on the project. [Full Story]


Related Topics:  Fessler, Jeffrey  Medical Imaging  Medical diagnosis  Signal and Image Processing   Wenisch, Thomas  

Sep 11, 2014
Jia Deng Wins Best Paper Award at ECCV

Prof. Jia Deng and his collaborators have won the Best Paper Award at ECCV for "Large-Scale Object Classification using Label Relation Graphs." It addresses a computer's ability to accurately classify objects in images, which is a fundamental challenge in computer vision research and an important building block for tasks such as localization, detection, and scene parsing. [Full Story]


Related Topics:  Deng, Jia  Robotics and Computer Vision  

Aug 27, 2014
Kyu-Tae Lee Wins Best Poster Award for Colorful Solar Cells

ECE graduate student Kyu-Tae Lee received a Best Poster Award at the 40th Annual Michigan AVS Symposium. His poster described the creation of solar cell device structures that enable attractive multi-colored solar cells that can be used on windows and other interior and exterior surfaces. [Full Story]


Related Topics:  Graduate Students  Guo, L. Jay  Solar Cell Technology  Solid-state Devices and Nanotechnology  

Aug 25, 2014
Shared Memory in Mobile Operating Systems Provides Ingress Point for Hackers

Computer science researchers have exposed a shared memory weakness believed to exist in Android, Windows, and iOS operating systems that could be used to obtain personal information from unsuspecting users. The research team has demonstrated how passwords, photos, and other personal information can be stolen while users use popular mainstream apps. [Full Story]


Related Topics:  Mao, Zhuoqing Morley  Security (Computing)  

Aug 22, 2014
Researchers Expose Security Flaws in Backscatter X-ray Scanners

A team of security researchers including Prof. J. Alex Halderman and graduate student Eric Wustrow have discovered several security vulnerabilities in the full-body backscatter X-ray scanners that were deployed to U.S. airports between 2009 and 2013. The researchers were able to slip knives, guns, and other contraband past the systems. [Full Story]


Related Topics:  Halderman, J. Alex  Security (Computing)  

Aug 21, 2014
Sensors in the Soil (video)

Soil moisture information is just as important to NASA engineers as it is to local farmers. For example, this data is used to monitor climate patterns and predict landslides. Prof. Mingyan Liu is working on a system that will make collecting and analyzing this data more accurate. [Full Story]


Related Topics:  Communications  Environment  Liu, Mingyan  Sensors  

Aug 21, 2014
Researchers Demo Hack to Seize Control of Municipal Traffic Signal Systems

Computer science researchers working with Prof. J. Alex Halderman have demonstrated that a number of security flaws exist in commonly-deployed networked traffic signal systems that leave the systems vulnerable to attack or manipulation. They presented their findings at the 8th USENIX Workshop on Offensive Technologies. [Full Story]


Related Topics:  Halderman, J. Alex  Security (Computing)  

Aug 21, 2014
Solving the Big Data Dilemma

Prof. Laura Balzano talks about how to get the best results from big collections of data. Science, healthcare, economics, infrastructure and government could be completely changed by effectively using big data. [Full Story]


Related Topics:  Balzano, Laura  Big Data  Environment  Health  Information Technology  Signal and Image Processing   

Aug 13, 2014
Can Our Computers Continue to Get Smaller and More Powerful?

In an article in this week's issue of the journal Nature, Prof. Igor Markov reviews limiting factors in the development of computing systems to help determine what is achievable, identifying "loose" limits and viable opportunities for advancements through the use of emerging technologies. His research for this project was funded by the National Science Foundation, the Semiconductor Research Corporation, and the Air Force Research Laboratory. [Full Story]


Related Topics:  Computer Architecture  Markov, Igor  

Aug 11, 2014
Vulnerabilities Demonstrated in Traffic Signal Controls

Students in Prof. J. Alex Halderman's recent EECS 588 course, including graduate student Brandon Ghena, have demonstrated vulnerabilities that would allow hackers to take control of municipal traffic light systems. [Full Story]


Related Topics:  Halderman, J. Alex  Security (Computing)  

Aug 07, 2014
New graphene sensor technology for personal and environmental health

A new wearable vapor sensor could one day offer continuous disease monitoring for patients with diabetes, high blood pressure, anemia or lung disease. The new sensor, which can detect airborne chemicals either exhaled or released through the skin, would likely be the first wearable to pick up a broad array of chemical, rather than physical, attributes. [Full Story]


Related Topics:  Environment  Medical diagnosis  Sensors  Solid-state Devices and Nanotechnology  Wearable electronics  Zhong, Zhaohui  

Aug 06, 2014
Optoelectronics: A practical polariton laser

In this article, the author describes the importance of Prof. Bhattacharya's room-temperature, eletrically injected polariton laser, stating that it, "represents an important step towards the practical implementation of polaritonic light sources. In many ways, the first report of a semiconductor laser device based on BoseEinstein condensation that is pumped electrically at room temperature opens a new era in optoelectronics. It may not be long before polaritonic devices start to claim their share of the optoelectronics market, just as double heterostructure devices did 40 years ago." [Full Story]


Related Topics:  Bhattacharya, Pallab  Optoelectronics  Solid-state Devices and Nanotechnology  

Jul 31, 2014
Shrinking the size of optical systems, exponentially

ECE researchers have developed a way to exponentially shrink the size of a system typically needed to control the polarization of light, while maintaining the high level of performance needed for numerous optical applications such as color displays, microscopy and photography. [Full Story]


Related Topics:  Applied Electromagnetics  Graduate Students  Grbic, Anthony  Guo, L. Jay  LNF  Metamaterials  Solid-state Devices and Nanotechnology  

Jul 30, 2014
Gurkan Gok Receives Paper Award for Making Better Antenna Beams

Gurkan Gok (PhD, EE 2014, exp) won Third Place in the Student Paper Competition at the 2014 IEEE Int. Symposium on Antennas and Propagation for his paper that describes an antenna beam former that he developed using metamaterials. The design strategy provides new opportunities in smart antenna development. [Full Story]


Related Topics:  Antennas  Applied Electromagnetics  Graduate Students  Grbic, Anthony  

Jul 23, 2014
Jiangfeng Wu Receives Best Paper Award for Research in Safe Fracking

Jiangfeng Wu, graduate student in electrical engineering, received the Mikio Takagi Student Prize for his research in designing and building an antenna that can better determine the environmental impact of hydraulic fracturing, or fracking. The Mikio Takagi Student Prize is given to the best of the top three Student Prize Paper Awards granted at the IEEE Int. Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium. [Full Story]


Related Topics:  Applied Electromagnetics  Environment  Graduate Students  Sarabandi, Kamal  

Jul 18, 2014
Barzan Mozafari and Collaborators Chosen for Best Demo at ACM SIGMOD

Prof. Barzan Mozafari and his collaborators have received the Best Demo Award at the 2014 ACM SIGMOD/PODS Conference. The demo was of their Analytical Bootstrap (ABS) System, which enables complex exploratory data analysis on large volumes of data. ABS is described in their paper, ABS: a System for Scalable Approximate Queries with Accuracy Guarantees. [Full Story]


Related Topics:  Big Data  Mozafari, Barzan  

Jul 18, 2014
Jeremy Gibson Authors Book on Game Design, Prototyping, and Programming

Independent game designer and CSE Lecturer Jeremy Gibson has authored a new book entitled Introduction to Game Design, Prototyping, and Development, which for the first time brings these three disciplines together in a single volume. [Full Story]


Related Topics:  Game Design and Development  Gibson, Jeremy  

Jul 17, 2014
Audio Story: Dissecting Voices to Find the Hidden Call For Help

This New Tech City Audio Story on wNYC describes work that Prof. Emily Mower Provost is doing in conjunction with psychiatrist Melvin McInnis to use smartphones in detecting the mood swings of patients with bipolar disorder as they talk on smartphones. [Full Story]


Related Topics:  Artificial Intelligence  Machine Learning  Medical diagnosis  Mower Provost, Emily  

Jul 17, 2014
Wakefield and Kieras Win Best Paper Award at ICAD 2014

Profs. Gregory Wakefield and David Kieras, along with three coauthors from the Air Force Research Laboratory at the Wright Patterson Air Force Base, received the Best Paper Award at the 20th International Conference on Auditory Display for EPIC Modeling of a Two-Talker CRM Listening Task. [Full Story]


Related Topics:  Acoustic Processing  Kieras, David  Wakefield, Gregory H.  

Jul 15, 2014
Thomas Frost Receives Best Paper Award for Achieving a HQ QD Red Laser

Thomas Frost received a Best Paper Award for achieving a high quality quantum dot red laser using novel materials. Lasers emitting in the 600nm wavelength range have important applications in medicine, optical information processing, plastic fiber communication systems, optical storage, and full color laser displays and laser projectors. [Full Story]


Related Topics:  Bhattacharya, Pallab  Graduate Students  LNF  Lasers  Solid-state Devices and Nanotechnology  

Jul 03, 2014
David Kieras Wins a Best Paper Award at CHI 2014

Prof. David Kieras has coauthored Towards Accurate and Practical Predictive Models of Active-Vision-Based Visual Search, which has been selected for a SIGCHI Best of CHI Best Paper Award at the ACM CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems. [Full Story]


Related Topics:  Interactive Systems  Kieras, David  

Jul 03, 2014
Grant Schoenebeck Selected for Facebook Faculty Award

Prof. Grant Schoenebeck has been selected as the recipient of a Facebook Faculty Award for his work in theoretical computer science and its potential for impact in the area of social networking. He is currently working on better understanding "complex" contagions, which, unlike diseases and rumors, typically require more than one neighbor for infection. [Full Story]


Related Topics:  Schoenebeck, Grant  Theory  

Jun 26, 2014
Metal particles in memristors do not stay put

In work that unmasks some of the magic behind memristors and RRAM, cutting-edge computer components that combine logic and memory functions, researchers have shown that the metal particles in memristors don't stay put as previously thought. The findings have broad implications for the semiconductor industry and beyond. They show, for the first time, exactly how some memristors remember. [Full Story]


Related Topics:  Integrated Circuits and VLSI  Lu, Wei  Memristor  Solid-state Devices and Nanotechnology  

Jun 24, 2014
New Research Program to Investigate Optical Energy Conversion

ECE is home to a new major research program that aims to provide a better understanding of phenomena driven by the magnetic field component of light. A key long-term goal of this five-year, $7.5M MURI, called the Center for Dynamic Magneto-Optics (DYNAMO), is to investigate the prospects for direct conversion of light to electricity without the thermodynamic losses typical of photovoltaic (solar cell) technology. [Full Story]


Related Topics:  Energy  Optics and Photonics  Rand, Stephen  

Jun 23, 2014
A better light bulb

Already a key lighting material for smart phones, a new approach to building phosphorescent organic light-emitting diodes (PHOLEDs) will make them useful even for general lighting. [Full Story]


Related Topics:  Energy  Forrest, Stephen  LEDs  Lighting  Solid-state Devices and Nanotechnology  

Jun 18, 2014
MEMS Research by Muzhi Wang Recognized at IMS 2014

ECE graduate student Muzhi Wang received a best student paper award, honorable mention, at the 2014 IEEE International Microwave Symposium (IMS2014) for his research in RF MEMS switches for high-power RF applications. [Full Story]


Related Topics:  Graduate Students  MEMS and Microsystems  Rais-Zadeh, Mina  

Jun 17, 2014
Designing robots that assemble and adapt

What happens when you send a rolling robot out for a mission, and it turns out to need legs instead? In this video, Shai Revzen, assistant professor of ECE, describes how his team is working to create "self-assembling" robots that can build themselves into any form required. [Full Story]


Related Topics:  Control Systems  Revzen, Shai  Robotics and Computer Vision  

Jun 11, 2014
Computer Scientists Author Book on Hardware Prefetching

Professor Thomas F. Wenisch and his collaborator Prof. Babak Falsafi of EPFL Switzerland have authored a new book entitled A Primer on Hardware Prefetching, which has been published by Morgan & Claypool as one of their Synthesis Lectures on Computer Architecture. [Full Story]


Related Topics:  Computer Architecture  Wenisch, Thomas  

Jun 05, 2014
A new way to make laser-like beams using 250x less power

With precarious particles called polaritons that straddle the worlds of light and matter, ECE researchers have demonstrated a new, practical and potentially more efficient way to make a coherent laser-like beam. They have made what's believed to be the first room-temperature polariton laser that is fueled by electrical current as opposed to light. [Full Story]


Related Topics:  Bhattacharya, Pallab  CPHOM  LNF  Lasers  Optics and Photonics  Solid-state Devices and Nanotechnology  

Jun 04, 2014
Robotics Researchers Ready for Automated Vehicle Test Facility

CoE robotics researchers Prof. Edwin Olson of CSE and Prof. Ryan Eustice of NAME will be amongst the first users of the Mobility Transformation Facility, the automated vehicle test facility being built on North Campus. The two will initially use the facility to run tests related to the development of sensing and mapping technology. [Full Story]


Related Topics:  Artificial Intelligence  Olson, Edwin  Robotics and Computer Vision  Transportation  

May 29, 2014
Making Smartphones Smarter: HiJack Adopted for Use in Commercial Product

HiJack, the hardware/software platform for use in creating cubic-inch sensor peripherals for smartphones, has been adopted for use in a product offering by NXP Semiconductors. HiJack was developed under the direction of Prof. Prabal Dutta, and allows for the integration of sensors to a smartphone through the phone's audio jack, making it a universal, low cost interface. [Full Story]


Related Topics:  Dutta, Prabal  Mobile Computing  

May 22, 2014
Small, Simple Terahertz Detector Converts The Pulses To Sound

"Terahertz waves, which are non-ionizing and can penetrate fabrics and body tissue, could be used to reveal hidden weapons and spot skin cancer and tooth decay. But they are notoriously difficult to detect. Engineers at the University of Michigan have invented a simple new way to sense them." [Full Story]


Related Topics:  Guo, L. Jay  Norris, Theodore B.  Optics and Photonics  Solid-state Devices and Nanotechnology  Terahertz Technology  

May 19, 2014
T-ray converts light to sound for weapons detection, medical imaging

A research team led by Profs. Jay Guo and Ted Norris created a device that turns terahertz waves (T-rays) into ultrasound, which can then be detected by a highly sensitive acoustic sensor. Applications for T-rays include weapons detection, medical imaging, and astronomy. [Full Story]


Related Topics:  CPHOM  Guo, L. Jay  Medical Imaging  Norris, Theodore B.  Optics and Photonics  Optoelectronics  Security (national and personal safety)  Solid-state Devices and Nanotechnology  Terahertz Technology  

May 16, 2014
Researchers Identify Security Risks in Estonian Online Voting System

Ahead of European Parliamentary elections on May 25, an international team of independent experts, including Prof. J. Alex Halderman and CSE graduate students Travis Finkenauer and Drew Springall, has identified major risks in the security of Estonia's Internet voting system and recommended its immediate withdrawal. [Full Story]


Related Topics:  Digital Democracy  Halderman, J. Alex  Security (Computing)  

May 12, 2014
Research in Machine Learning earns Notable Paper Award at AISTATS 2014

Prof. Clay Scott received a Notable Paper Award at the 2014 Int. Conf. on Artificial Intelligence and Statistics for his research in the area of machine learning. The theoretical research has applications in big data problems such as crowd sourcing, topic modeling, and nuclear particle classification. [Full Story]


Related Topics:  Big Data  Machine Learning  Scott, Clayton D.  Signal and Image Processing   

May 12, 2014
Leaders in Ultra Low Power Circuits and Systems Presenting at VLSI Circuits Symposium

Michigan faculty and students will present seven papers at the 2014 Symposium on VLSI Circuits, a number that exceeds any other academic institution or company. The seven papers range from a millimeter-scale wireless imaging system, to a chip that can decipher an image in a manner similar to the human brain, to continued optimization of the circuits we use every day, as well as circuits that will fuel the future Internet of Things. One of the papers, Low Power Battery Supervisory Circuit with Adaptive Battery Health Monitor, has been selected as a Symposium Technical Highlight. [Full Story]


Related Topics:  Blaauw, David  Dutta, Prabal  Flynn, Michael  Integrated Circuits and VLSI  Internet of Things  Millimeter-scale Computing  Mobile Computing  Sylvester, Dennis  Zhang, Zhengya  

May 09, 2014
Listening to Bipolar Disorder: Smartphone App Detects Mood Swings via Voice Analysis

U-M researchers, including Prof. Emily Mower Provost, Prof. Satinder Singh Baveja, Research Fellow Zahi Karam, and colleagues at the U-M Health Center, have created a smartphone app that monitors subtle voice qualities during everyday phone conversations to detect early signs of mood changes in people with bipolar disorder. [Full Story]


Related Topics:  Artificial Intelligence  Baveja, Satinder Singh  Machine Learning  Medical diagnosis  Mower Provost, Emily  

May 07, 2014
Heartbleed: Behind the Scenes at CSE

Computer science researchers at Michigan, including graduate student Zakir Durumeric, used their Internet scanning software to rapidly pinpoint vulnerable servers on the Internet, quantifying the scope of the Heartbleed bug and providing data on when and where servers were patched to repair the flaw. [Full Story]


Related Topics:  Bailey, Michael  Graduate Students  Halderman, J. Alex  Security (Computing)  

Apr 30, 2014
Hao Sun Earns 3 Paper Awards for Medical Imaging Research

Hao Sun, a graduate student in the Electrical Engineering:Systems program, will receive 3 paper awards at the 2014 International Society for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine (ISMRM) meeting. held May 10-16 in Milan, Italy, for his research in the area of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). [Full Story]


Related Topics:  Fessler, Jeffrey  Graduate Students  Medical Imaging  Signal and Image Processing   

Apr 28, 2014
Powering the Internet of Things (video)

Prof. David Wentzloff describes the future Internet of Things, a world that he and his colleagues in the Michigan Integrated Circuits Laboratory are enabling with their ultra low power circuits and systems. These sensing systems can detect air quality, bodily health, and whether you forgot to turn off your stove and send that information to your phone. [Full Story]


Related Topics:  Integrated Circuits and VLSI  Internet of Things  Sensors  Wentzloff, David  

Apr 28, 2014
Startup Virta Labs Wins Ann Arbor SPARK Best of Boot Camp

Virta Laboratories, Inc., the startup co-founded in part by Prof. Kevin Fu and visiting scholar Denis Foo Kune, has been named Best of Boot Camp at the conclusion of Ann Arbor SPARK's Entrepreneurial Boot Camp. Virta Labs delivers malware and anomaly detection on medical devices and process control systems by non-intrusively measuring the power consumption patterns of the machines being protected. [Full Story]


Related Topics:  Fu, Kevin  Medical Device Security  Security (Computing)  

Apr 17, 2014
Halderman and Lafortune Join TerraSwarm Research Center

Two EECS faculty with expertise in Privacy and Security, J. Alex Halderman and Stephane Lafortune, will join the TerraSwarm Research Center in May. TerraSwarm addresses the huge potential, as well as the risks, of pervasive integration of smart, networked sensors and actuators into the connected world. [Full Story]


Related Topics:  Halderman, J. Alex  Lafortune, Stephane  Security (Computing)  

Apr 07, 2014
Michael Lewis says the market is rigged. But his Flash Boys rigged themselves.

CSE graduate student Elaine Wah writes in The Guardian that not only has the high frequency trading arms race rigged the stock markets, but strategies such as latency arbitrage have created the potential to reduce trading gains for all market participants, regardless of their speed of access. [Full Story]


Related Topics:  Graduate Students  

Apr 01, 2014
Researchers Win Best Paper Award at ISPASS 2014

A team of researchers including CSE PhD candidate Anthony Gutierrez, Dr. Ron Dreslinski, and Bredt Family Professor in Engineering Trevor Mudge has won the Best Paper Award at the 2014 IEEE International Symposium on Performance Analysis of Systems and Software (ISPASS) for "Sources of Error in Full-System Simulation." [Full Story]


Related Topics:  Dreslinski, Ron  Graduate Students  Integrated Circuits and VLSI  Mudge, Trevor  

Apr 01, 2014
Technological Singularity Passes, Unnoticed Until Now

Apr. 1, 2014 -- The technological singularity - that moment in time at which artificial intelligence surpasses the point of human intelligence - appears to have occurred just over three weeks ago, according to a researcher at the University of Michigan. [Full Story]

Mar 31, 2014
Bringing batteryless sensors to market

PsiKick, an ultra-low-power wireless sensor company co-founded by Prof. David Wentzloff, has completed first-round, funding. The financing, led by New Enterprise Associates, will be used to accelerate PsiKick's growth and product development to meet the increasing demand for energy-efficient system-on-a-chip technology. [Full Story]


Related Topics:  Integrated Circuits and VLSI  Internet of Things  Wearable electronics  Wentzloff, David  Wireless Communications  

Mar 18, 2014
Thermal Vision: Graphene light detector first to span infrared spectrum

The first room-temperature light detector that can sense the full infrared (IR) spectrum has the potential to put heat vision technology into a contact lens. IR vision allows us to see in the dark, monitor blood flow, identify chemicals in the environment, and even peer under layers of paint. [Full Story]


Related Topics:  Graphene  LNF  Norris, Theodore B.  Optics and Photonics  Optoelectronics  Solid-state Devices and Nanotechnology  Zhong, Zhaohui  

Mar 05, 2014
Michael Wellman Recognized with ACM/SIGAI Autonomous Agents Research Award

Prof. Michael P. Wellman has been selected by the ACM Special Interest Group on Artificial Intelligence as the recipient of its 2014 Autonomous Agents Research Award. The award acknowledges the contributions of outstanding researchers in the field of autonomous agents, and is granted each year to one individual whose work is influencing and setting the direction for the field. [Full Story]


Related Topics:  Electronic Commerce  Wellman, Michael  

Mar 03, 2014
Transparent color solar cells fuse energy, beauty

Colorful, see-through solar cells could one day be used to make stained-glass windows, decorations and even shades that turn the sun's energy into electricity. The technology is being developed by Prof. Jay Guo's group. [Full Story]


Related Topics:  Guo, L. Jay  Solar Cell Technology  Solid-state Devices and Nanotechnology  

 



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