Electrical Engineering and Computer Science

Research News

$1.1 million grant to develop robot emergency response capabilities

The Office of Naval Research has awarded Prof. Dmitry Berenson $1.1 million to help advance a robot's ability to walk over unstable ground and deal with tangles in string, rope or wire. One of the new abilities that Berenson and his group will help robots attain is navigating unfamiliar environments by reusing previous experience from similar environments. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Berenson, Dmitry  Robotics  

Video: The Lurie Nanofabrication Facility

The Lurie Nanofabrication Facility is a state-of- the-art cleanroom that provides advanced micro- and nano-fabrication equipment and expertise to internal and external researchers. The LNF enables cutting edge research, including semiconductor materials and devices, electronic circuits, solid-state lighting, energy, biotechnology, medical devices and unconventional materials and processing technologies. Learn more in this video. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  LNF  Lu, Wei  Najafi, Khalil  Peterson, Becky (R. L.)  

Ushering in the Next Generation of Flat-Panel Displays and Medical Imagers

Research that is expected to directly impact the future of the flat-panel display and imager industries has been selected as an Editor's Choice by the Journal of Solid-State Electronics. The article, co-authored by Prof. Jerzy Kanicki, ECE graduate student Chumin Zhao, and Dr. Mitsuru Nakata, describes a new technology that may help usher in the next generation of flat-panel displays and imagers. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Displays  Kanicki, Jerzy  Lab-Solid State Electronics (SSEL)  

Professor to Congress: "Internet of Things security is woefully inadequate"

As the Internet of Things grows around us, so do the threat of cybersecurity breaches severe enough to shut down hospitals and other vital infrastructure. This is the message that prof. Kevin Fu delivered to lawmakers at a congressional hearing this week. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Fu, Kevin  Lab-Computer Engineering (CE Lab)  Security (Computing)  

Video: Prof. Cindy Finelli and Engineering Education Research

Prof. Finelli is currently Director of Engineering Education Research in the College of Engineering, and she was founding director at the Center for Research on Learning and Teaching in Engineering at Michigan, which supports college-wide initiatives in engineering teaching and learning. Her own research focuses on how faculty make decisions about what theyre doing in the classroom, how students understand engineering concepts, and how a flexible classroom influences both teaching and learning. Watch a new video about her and her work. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Engineering Education  Finelli, Cynthia  

Kevin Fu Testifies on the Role of Connected Devices in Recent Cyber Attacks

Prof. Kevin Fu testified before the House Energy and Commerce Committee on the role of connected devices in recent cyber attacks on Wednesday, Nov 16, 2016. Follow the link to see a video of the proceedings. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Fu, Kevin  Lab-Computer Engineering (CE Lab)  Security (Computing)  

Harsha Madhyastha Selected for Facebook Faculty Award

Prof. Harsha V. Madhyastha has been selected as the recipient of a Facebook Faculty Award for his work in distributed systems and computer networking. His recent research has focused on enabling latency-sensitive web services to optimize user experience. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Lab-Software Systems  Madhyastha, Harsha  Networks and Networking  

Using cyber security to keep your ballot safe ahead of the presidential election

This TV news segment features an interview with CSE graduate student Matthew Bernhard. He is interviewed about the possibility for stolen votes in the upcoming election. His answer: Michigan has a paper ballot/optical scan system, which is considered best practice. Touchscreen, paperless systems like those in Ohio, Virginia, and some other states are not secure enough yet. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Digital Democracy  Graduate Students  Lab-Software Systems  Security (Computing)  

Jia Deng Selected as Recipient of PAMI Mark Everingham Prize

Prof. Jia Deng has won the PAMI Everingham Prize for his work in developing ImageNet, a large-scale labeled image database that has powered many recent advances in computer vision. The award is presented at the ECCV Conference to a researcher, or a team of researchers, who have made a selfless contribution of significant benefit to other members of the computer vision community. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Computer Vision  Deng, Jia  Lab-Artificial Intelligence  

Solving the "Christmas light" problem so solar panels can handle shade

Just 10 percent shade cover can create a 50 percent drop in solar panel electricity production. Prof. Al-Thaddeus Avestrus is working to ensure power produced by a solar panel reflects the average over all the cells. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Avestruz, Al-Thaddeus  Power & Energy  Solar Cell Technology  Sustainability  

COVE: A Tool for Advancing Progress in Computer Vision

A new project has been launched to provide open and easy access to up-to-date, varied, data sets, annotations and their relevant tools. Based at the University of Michigan with collaborators at Boston University and the University of Notre Dame, the program aims to centralize available data in the intelligent systems community through a COmputer Vision Exchange for Data, Annotations and Tools, called COVE. The project promises to have an immediate and far-reaching impact on the computer vision community as well as researchers involved in machine learning, multimedia, natural language processing, data mining, and information retrieval. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Computer Vision  Corso, Jason  Lab-Systems  Signal and Image Processing   

Shadows in the Dark Web

Secrets lurk in the dark web, the 95 percent of the internet that most of us can't see. Prof. Michael Cafarella is bringing some of those secrets to light, and in the process making the digital and the real world a little safer. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Big Data  Cafarella, Michael  Lab-Software Systems  

Cancer stem cells: new method analyzes 10,000 cells at once

A new device for studying tumor cells can trap 10,000 individual cells in a single chip. The technique, developed by Prof. Euisik Yoon's group, could one day help screen potential cancer treatments based on an individual patients tumor and help researchers better understand so-called cancer stem cells. It also shed light on a controversy: are large cells or small cells more likely to be cancer stem cells? [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Cancer  Health  Lab-Solid State Electronics (SSEL)  MEMS and Microsystems  Yoon, Euisik  

How big data and algorithms are slashing the cost of fixing Flints water crisis

Michigan researchers, including the Michigan Data Science student team, are using new algorithmic and statistical tools to help inform crisis response in Flint. Profs. Jacob Abernethy and Eric Schwartz of the Business School explain how in this article at the Conversation. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Abernethy, Jake  Artificial Intelligence  Big Data  Lab-Artificial Intelligence  Student Teams and Organizations  

Hacking Healthcare - How Big Data is Driving Big Changes in Medicine

The article by CoE writer Gabe Cherry highlights the work being done by Jenna Wiens and her collaborators on using big data to predict which hospital patients are at risk of developing a life-threatening intestinal infection called Clostridium difficile, or C. diff. It also provides context on the big data initiatives taking at UM in general and with respect to healthcare, and across EECS, including work by Prof. Barzan Mozafari on how to improve the design of big data databases. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Baveja, Satinder Singh  Big Data  Hero, Alfred  Lab-Artificial Intelligence  Machine Learning  Michielssen, Eric  Mower Provost, Emily  Mozafari, Barzan  Wiens, Jenna  

Correlation is Not Causation: Electrical Analysis of St. Jude Implant Shows Normal Pacing

This blog post by the Archimedes Center for Medical Device Security provides additional technical detail regarding the claims by Muddy Waters and St. Jude regarding pacemaker/defibrillator security. Prof. Kevin Fu, who heads the Archimedes Center, and his collaborators at Michigan have concluded that those claims are questionable. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Fu, Kevin  Lab-Computer Engineering (CE Lab)  Security (Computing)  

Holes Found in Report on St. Jude Medical Device Security

Michigan researchers including Prof. Kevin Fu have reproduced experiments alleging security flaws in St. Jude Medical's pacemakers and other life-saving medical devices and have concluded that those claims are questionable. The report alleging the security flaws was released last week by short-selling investment research firm Muddy Waters Capital LLC and medical device security firm MedSec Ltd. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Fu, Kevin  Lab-Computer Engineering (CE Lab)  Security (Computing)  

Necmiye Ozay Receives NASA Early Career Faculty Award for Research in Cyber-Physical Systems

Prof. Necmiye Ozay, assistant professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering, was awarded a NASA Early Career Faculty award for her project, "Run-time anomaly detection and mitigation in information-rich cyber-physical systems." Her research will be designed to assist in future missions in space, while being applicable to a wide range of cyber-physical systems. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Control Systems  Cyber-physical systems  Lab-Systems  Ozay, Necmiye  Space technology  

Several Michigan Papers Presented at 2016 USENIX Security Symposium

Five papers authored by CSE researchers were presented at the 2016 USENIX Security Symposium, which took place August 10-12 in Austin, TX, and two papers were presented at WOOT 2016. USENIX Security brings together researchers from both academia and industry interested in the latest advances in the security of computer systems and networks. The symposium is a premier venue for security and privacy research. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Halderman, J. Alex  Lab-Software Systems  Prakash, Atul  Shin, Kang G.  

Researchers David Adrian and Prof. J. Alex Halderman Receive Pwnie Award for Work on DROWN Attack

A research team that includes CSE PhD student David Adrian and Prof. J. Alex Halderman has been awarded the Pwnie Award for Best Cryptographic Attack at the Black Hat conference for their work on the DROWN attack. DROWN allows attackers to break encryption used to protect HTTPS websites and read or steal sensitive communications, including passwords, credit card numbers, trade secrets, or financial data. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Graduate Students  Halderman, J. Alex  Lab-Software Systems  Security (Computing)  

Solar power plant: $1.4M grant aims to cut costs

Nanotechnology could reduce the cost of the most expensive part of a solar thermal power plant by roughly 75 percent. The Department of Energy gave a team of researchers at the University of Illinois, the University of Michigan and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory $1.4 million to develop new solar concentrators. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Energy  Guo, L. Jay  Lab-Optics and Photonics  Power & Energy  Solar Cell Technology  

CSE-Based Startup Receives Funding to Develop Systems Based on Intelligent Personal Assistant Technology

Artificial Intelligence startup Clinc, founded by Profs. Jason Mars and Lingjia Tang along with Research Fellow Michael Laurenzano and CSE graduate student Johann Hauswald, is off and running in downtown Ann Arbor. On August 4, 2016, the company announced a $225,000 National Science Foundation Grant and closure of a $1.2 million round of seed funding. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Artificial Intelligence  Lab-Artificial Intelligence  Lab-Computer Engineering (CE Lab)  Mars, Jason  Tang, Lingjia  

Researchers Seek to Help the Disabled with Intelligent Robotic Wheelchair

Prof. Ben Kuipers, CSE graduate student Collin Johnson, and researcher Dr. Jong Jin Park have created Vulcan, an intelligent robotic wheelchair. Vulcan learns the spatial structure of the environment it moves through and it uses that knowledge to plan and follow routes from place to place. Robotic wheelchairs will benefit people who need a wheelchair, but are unable to use one because of multiple disabilities. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Kuipers, Benjamin  Lab-Artificial Intelligence  

With Over 7 Million Certificates Issued, Let's Encrypt Aims to Secure the Entire Web

Let's Encrypt, the non-profit certificate authority founded by Prof. J. Alex Halderman with colleagues at Mozilla and Electronic Frontier Foundation, is well on its way to securing the web. By making the switch to HTTPS free and easy, Let's Encrypt has issued over 7 million certificates since December 2015. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Digital Democracy  Halderman, J. Alex  Lab-Software Systems  Networks and Networking  Security (national and personal safety)  

New Venture is on the Path to Build Continual Learning AIs

Cogitai, Inc., a continual learning company co-founded by Prof. Satinder Singh Baveja, is developing AI technology that empowers machines to learn from interaction with the real world, enabling everyday things that sense and act to get smarter, more skilled, and more knowledgeable with experience. The company has recently announced funding by Sony. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Artificial Intelligence  Baveja, Satinder Singh  Lab-Artificial Intelligence  

Pioneering Engineering Education Research

A new initiative at the College of Engineering has brought U-M into the spotlight in the field of Engineering Education Research (EER). Spearheaded by Prof. David C. Munson, Jr. while he was Dean, the College took a unique approach to EER by embedding faculty directly into traditional engineering departments. A few other institutions had already developed standalone departments or schools for EER with their own sets of faculty and PhD students, but U-Ms approach is the first of its kind. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Engineering Education  Finelli, Cynthia  

Data Equality on the Internet Might Bring Unintended Consequences

Prof. Harsha Madhyastha was interviewed on Michigan Radio about the possibilities for unintended consequences of net neutrality, and the difficulty of finding an acceptable alternative. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Lab-Software Systems  Madhyastha, Harsha  Networks and Networking  

MARLO makes initial attempt at the Wave Field

Since he received a robot capable of walking outside, Jessy Grizzle has heard the siren call of the Wave Field, the undulating earthen art installation outside the Franois-Xavier Bagnoud building. MARLO finally got her shot at it. For now, Jessy and his graduate students are only attempting the easiest routes, between the grassy two- to three-foot moguls, over smaller undulations that Grizzle calls merely very difficult. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Control Systems  Grizzle, Jessy  Lab-Systems  Robotics  

A Bipedal Robot Gets Its Swagger On

Popular Science watches MARLO take a stroll across the wave field for the first time. "She's trained her whole life for this moment: MARLO recently stomped and stumbled her way through a new milestone at University of Michigan's Wave Field. The field an art installation turned robot testing ground offers new challenges for the bipedal robot's lateral and forward balance, because of its uneven terrain." [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Control Systems  Grizzle, Jessy  Lab-Systems  Robotics  

MARLO the bipedal robot seems to be tipsy

MARLO has captured worldwide attention again with her exploration of the wave field on North Campus. As she tries to navigate the steep bumps with no sensors, just extraordinarily clever algorithms that have her adapting to what she "steps in," she appears to be, well, a bit drunk. This drunken behavior is just MARLO pushing the extremes of what a human-sized bipedal robot can do. See her on Gizmodo, Aol.On and MSN Video
Related Topics:  Control Systems  Grizzle, Jessy  Lab-Systems  Robotics  

Can Slower Financial Traders Find a Haven in a World of High-Speed Algorithms?

In this article at The Conversation, Prof. Michael Wellman reviews the latency arms race at the center of high-speed algorithmic trading, in which the first trader to react is able to make money off of slower rivals. He describes the possibility for a frequent call market, in which speed no longer categorically prevails, and how it could be implemented. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Artificial Intelligence  Lab-Artificial Intelligence  Wenisch, Thomas  

Tracking and Mitigating Tail Latency in Data Centers

Computer science researchers have developed a modular load tester platform for data centers which is designed to help measure and mitigate tail latency. Called Treadmill, it is described in their paper, "Treadmill: Attributing the Source of Tail Latency through Precise Load Testing and Statistical Inference." [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Alumni  Artificial Intelligence  Big Data  Computer Architecture  Graduate Students  Lab-Artificial Intelligence  Lab-Computer Engineering (CE Lab)  Mars, Jason  Tang, Lingjia  

Two Michigan Papers Win Top Awards at IEEE Security and Privacy Symposium

Two papers authored by EECS researchers were selected for top honors at the 37th IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy. One of the papers, describing and demonstrating a malicious hardware backdoor, received the Distinguished Paper Award. The second, which demonstrated security failings in a commercial smart home platform, received the Distinguished Practical Paper Award. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Austin, Todd  Computer Architecture  Graduate Students  Hicks, Matt  Internet of Things  Lab-Computer Engineering (CE Lab)  Lab-Software Systems  Prakash, Atul  Security (Computing)  Sylvester, Dennis  

Proxy Optimizes Webpage Loading for Better User Experience

Researchers led by Prof. Harsha V. Madhyastha have developed a new web proxy called Klotski, which seeks to improve users' perceptions of how quickly a webpage loads on a mobile device by maximizing the amount of important content on the page that is fetched and displayed within the users attention span. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Lab-Software Systems  Madhyastha, Harsha  Networks and Networking  

A New, Low-Cost Way to Monitor Snow and Ice Thickness to Evaluate Environmental Change

Mohammad Mousavi, PhD student in ECE, earned a Weisnet Medal at the Eastern Snow Conference for his paper Elevation Angular Dependence of Wideband Autocorrelation Radiometric (WiBAR) Remote Sensing of Dry Snowpack and Lake Icepack, co-authored by Dr. Roger De Roo, Prof. Kamal Sarabandi, and Prof. Anthony England. The Weisnet Medal is presented to the best student paper at the conference. Mohammad has developed a new way to remotely measure the thickness of ice and snow with a technology he calls wideband autocorrelation radiometry (WiBAR), offering lower cost, lower power, and more flexibility than competing methods. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Applied Electromagnetics and RF Circuits  England, Anthony W.  Environment  Graduate Students  Lab-Radiation (RADLAB)  Remote Sensing  Sarabandi, Kamal  

Patented Camera Calibration Tool Automates Calibration Target Acquisition

Prof. Edwin Olson and two of his former students, Johannes Strom and Andrew Richardson, have recently been awarded a United States Patent for their work in the development of AprilCal, an interactive camera calibration tool that automates the challenging task of calibration image acquisition. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Computer Vision  Lab-Artificial Intelligence  Olson, Edwin  

Collecting Data to Better Identify Bipolar Disorder

Prof. Emily Mower Provost is collaborating with researchers at the University of Michigan Depression Center to develop new technologies that provide individuals and their caregivers with insight into how bipolar disorder changes over time. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Artificial Intelligence  Lab-Artificial Intelligence  Mower Provost, Emily  Women in Computing  

An Award Winning Radar System for Collision Avoidance and Imaging

Armin Jam, doctoral student in ECE, took first place in the student paper competition at the 2016 IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation (AP-S) for his paper, "A Horizontally Polarized Beam-Steerable Antenna for Sub-millimeter-wave Polarimetric Imaging and Collision Avoidance Radars," co-authored by his advisor, Prof. Kamal Sarabandi. Armins research is focused on the development of a sub-millimeter-wave (sub-MMW) radar system for the next generation of navigation and imaging sensors. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Antennas  Applied Electromagnetics and RF Circuits  Autonomous Vehicles   Graduate Students  Lab-Radiation (RADLAB)  Sarabandi, Kamal  

A New Way to Test Low-Frequency Antennas for Long-Range Communication

Jihun Choi, a doctoral student in Prof. Kamal Sarabandi's research group, has earned an honorable mention in the 2016 IEEE Symposium on Antennas and Propagation Student Paper Competition. His paper describes a new technique to test antennas for long-range communication applications. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Antennas  Applied Electromagnetics and RF Circuits  Graduate Students  Lab-Radiation (RADLAB)  Sarabandi, Kamal  

Rada Mihalcea Leads Research Team to Develop Analytics for Learners as People

Prof. Rada Mihalcea has received funding from the Michigan Institute for Data Science (MIDAS) to uncover connections between personal attributes and success or well-being. The multidisciplinary research team includes Profs. Satinder Singh Baveja and Emily Mower Provost from CSE. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Big Data  Lab-Artificial Intelligence  Mihalcea, Rada  Women in Computing  

CSE Faculty Amongst Researchers in Three of Four Funded MIDAS Projects

The Michigan Institute for Data Science (MIDAS) has funded four projects for $1.25M each in the first round of its Challenge Initiatives program, which is designed to fund extraordinary projects with major social impact. Prof. Rada Mihalcea is leading one of the projects, which seeks to uncover connections between personal attributes and success or well-being; overall, a number of CSE faculty are amongst the investigators in three of the four projects. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Big Data  Engineering for the Greater Good  Lab-Artificial Intelligence  Mihalcea, Rada  

Two Papers by Michigan Researchers Chosen as IEEE Micro Top Picks

Two papers authored by EECS researchers have been selected for IEEE Micro's Top Picks from the 2015 Computer Architecture Conferences. The two papers from Michigan introduced the Sirius personal digital assistant and the MBus bus for modular microcomputing systems. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Blaauw, David  Computer Architecture  Dreslinski, Ron  Dutta, Prabal  Graduate Students  Lab-Computer Engineering (CE Lab)  Mars, Jason  Mudge, Trevor  Tang, Lingjia  

U-M cyber security startup purchased by FICO

QuadMetrics, a cyber risk security startup co-founded by Prof. Mingyan Liu, announced it has been purchased. Analytic software company FICO of San Jose, Calif., bought QuadMetrics to help in its development of a FICO Enterprise Security Score. The scores will rank an organization's level of cyber security risk, the company said in a statement. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Lab-Systems  Liu, Mingyan  Security (Computing)  Technology Transfer  

U-M researchers work to determine when people are lying

This article reports on work being done by Prof. Rada Mihalcea and Prof. Mihai Burzo (UM Flint), who have built unique lie-detecting software based on real-world data. Their prototype considers both a speaker's words and gestures, and unlike a polygraph, it doesn't need to touch the subject in order to work. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Computational Linguistics  Lab-Artificial Intelligence  Mihalcea, Rada  Women in Computing  

The AI Machines Undergoing Behavioral Psychology Tests

As reported in MIT Technology Review, graduate student researchers Junhyuk Oh and Valliappa Chockalingam, along with Profs. Satinder Singh Baveja and Honglak Lee have created mazes in Minecraft to perform reinforcement learning experiments on artificial intelligence entities. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Artificial Intelligence  Baveja, Satinder Singh  Graduate Students  Lab-Artificial Intelligence  Lee, Honglak  Machine Learning  

Injectable Computers Can Broadcast from Inside the Body

Profs. David Blaauw and David Wenzloff are designing millimeter-scale ultra-low-power sensing systems that can be injected into the body through a syringe. Unlike other radios of this size, these new devices are able to broadcast through the human body to an external receiver. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Blaauw, David  Integrated Circuits and VLSI  Lab-Michigan Integrated Circuits (MICL)  Wentzloff, David  Wireless Communications  

David Chesney Awarded Funding to Research Treatment for Traumatic Brain Injury

A team of researchers, including Dr. David Chesney and co-PI Dr. Rodney C. Daniels (Pediatric Critical Care) received funding for their research proposal at the Massey Foundation Traumatic Brain injury (TBI) Grand Challenge Pitch Day, which took place April 29th. Their research proposal was one of five U-M research proposals that were selected to receive funding. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Chesney, David  Technology and Wellness  

This "Demonically Clever" Backdoor Hides in a Tiny Slice of a Computer Chip

This article in Wired describes work by Michigan researchers that demonstrates how a hacker could hide a malicious backdoor in silicon and trigger it to gain access to a computing system. Google engineer Yonatan Zunger is quoted as saying "This is the most demonically clever computer security attack Ive seen in years." [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Austin, Todd  Blaauw, David  Computer Architecture  Graduate Students  Lab-Computer Engineering (CE Lab)  Security (Computing)  

Undetectable proof-of-concept chip poisoning uses analog circuits to escalate privilege

In this article, Cory Doctorow describes work by Michigan researchers that demonstrates a "novel, frightening attack on the integrity of microprocessors." The paper describes the attack, which is nearly undetectable, and how it can lead to full control of a computing system. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Austin, Todd  Computer Architecture  Graduate Students  Lab-Computer Engineering (CE Lab)  Security (Computing)  Sylvester, Dennis  

Michigan and Verisign Researchers Demonstrate New Man-in-the-Middle WPAD Query Attack

Security researchers including Prof. Z. Morley Mao and CSE graduate student Qi Alfred Chen have demonstrated that new security ramifications exist when laptops and smartphones configured for enterprise systems and using generic top-level domains are used outside the enterprise in the realm of the wider web. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Graduate Students  Lab-Software Systems  Mao, Zhuoqing Morley  Networks and Networking  Security (Computing)  

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