Electrical Engineering and Computer Science

Research News

U-M cyber security startup purchased by FICO

QuadMetrics, a cyber risk security startup co-founded by Prof. Mingyan Liu, announced it has been purchased. Analytic software company FICO of San Jose, Calif., bought QuadMetrics to help in its development of a FICO Enterprise Security Score. The scores will rank an organization's level of cyber security risk, the company said in a statement. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Lab-Systems  Liu, Mingyan  Security (Computing)  Technology Transfer  

U-M researchers work to determine when people are lying

This article reports on work being done by Prof. Rada Mihalcea and Prof. Mihai Burzo (UM Flint), who have built unique lie-detecting software based on real-world data. Their prototype considers both a speaker's words and gestures, and unlike a polygraph, it doesn't need to touch the subject in order to work. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Computational Linguistics  Lab-Artificial Intelligence  Mihalcea, Rada  Women in Computing  

The AI Machines Undergoing Behavioral Psychology Tests

As reported in MIT Technology Review, graduate student researchers Junhyuk Oh and Valliappa Chockalingam, along with Profs. Satinder Singh Baveja and Honglak Lee have created mazes in Minecraft to perform reinforcement learning experiments on artificial intelligence entities. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Artificial Intelligence  Baveja, Satinder Singh  Graduate Students  Lab-Artificial Intelligence  Lee, Honglak  Machine Learning  

Injectable Computers Can Broadcast from Inside the Body

Profs. David Blaauw and David Wenzloff are designing millimeter-scale ultra-low-power sensing systems that can be injected into the body through a syringe. Unlike other radios of this size, these new devices are able to broadcast through the human body to an external receiver. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Blaauw, David  Integrated Circuits and VLSI  Lab-Michigan Integrated Circuits (MICL)  Wentzloff, David  Wireless Communications  

David Chesney Awarded Funding to Research Treatment for Traumatic Brain Injury

A team of researchers, including Dr. David Chesney and co-PI Dr. Rodney C. Daniels (Pediatric Critical Care) received funding for their research proposal at the Massey Foundation Traumatic Brain injury (TBI) Grand Challenge Pitch Day, which took place April 29th. Their research proposal was one of five U-M research proposals that were selected to receive funding. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Chesney, David  Technology and Wellness  

Michigan and Verisign Researchers Demonstrate New Man-in-the-Middle WPAD Query Attack

Security researchers including Prof. Z. Morley Mao and CSE graduate student Qi Alfred Chen have demonstrated that new security ramifications exist when laptops and smartphones configured for enterprise systems and using generic top-level domains are used outside the enterprise in the realm of the wider web. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Graduate Students  Lab-Software Systems  Mao, Zhuoqing Morley  Networks and Networking  Security (Computing)  

Igor Markov and Collaborators Issue Second Edition of EDA Handbook

Professor Igor Markov and his co-editors Luciano Lavagno, Grant E. Martin, and Louis K. Scheffer have issued the second edition of the two-volume "Electronic Design Automation for Integrated Circuits Handbook," which has been published by CRC Press. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Integrated Circuits and VLSI  Lab-Computer Engineering (CE Lab)  Markov, Igor  

Quora Knowledge Prize Winner Igor Markov Presents Winning Answer To Packed House at MLConf

Prof. Igor Markov was a featured speaker at the ML Conference, which took place May 20 in Seattle. His talk, entitled "Can AI Become a Dystopian Threat to Humanity? A Hardware Perspective," expanded on his answer to a Quora question on AI threats that won a Knowledge prize and another answer regarding how to identify chatbots. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Artificial Intelligence  Lab-Computer Engineering (CE Lab)  Machine Learning  Markov, Igor  

Novel collaboration to probe brain activity in unprecedented detail

A pilot program led by Prof. Euisik Yoon will regularly bring together researchers with complementary expertise from different universities to collaborate on advancing research that may lead to a better understanding of the human brain and diseases that affect it. Yoon has been leading a key development of the Michigan Probe, a revolutionary tiny solid-state microsystem developed at U-M that can be used to probe the inner workings of the brain. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Brain  LEDs  Lab-Solid State Electronics (SSEL)  Yoon, Euisik  

Security Risks in the Age of Smart Homes

CSE graduate student Earlence Fernandes writes about the security risks of connected homes in this article at The Conversation. Earlence is part of a research team that included Prof. Atul Prakash and Jaeyeon Jung of Microsoft, which exposed security flaws in Samsung's popular SmartThings product offerings. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Graduate Students  Lab-Software Systems  Prakash, Atul  Security (Computing)  

Rada Mihalcea Coauthors New Book on Text Mining

Professor Rada Mihalcea and her collaborator Gabe Ignatow, Associate Professor of Sociology at the University of North Texas, have authored a new book entitled "Text Mining: A Guidebook for the Social Sciences," which has been published by Sage Publishing. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Big Data  Computational Linguistics  Lab-Artificial Intelligence  Mihalcea, Rada  

Pressure-Sensing Smartphones: Software Lets Mobile Devices Feel Force

Kang G. Shin, the Kevin and Nancy O'Connor Professor of Computer Science, and CSE graduate student Yu-Chih Tung have developed ForcePhone, software that allows smartphones to sense force or pressure on its screen or body. They envision many uses for their technology, which could offer the masses a coveted feature of the latest generation of smartphones. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Lab-Software Systems  Shin, Kang G.  

MARLO, the free-standing two-legged robot, conquers terrain with innovative control algorithms

MARLO, the free-standing bipedal robot developed by Prof. Jessy Grizzle's group, can now walk down steep slopes, through a thin layer of snow, and over uneven and unstable ground. The robots feedback control algorithms should be able to help other two-legged robots as well as powered prosthetic legs gain similar capabilities. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Control Systems  Grizzle, Jessy  Lab-Software Systems  Robotics  

Making Memory Smaller, Better, Faster, Stronger

As tiny embedded computers spread to every item in the home and beyond - fast, reliable memory is needed on an unheard-of scale. To fuel this ongoing revolution, Prof. Wei Lu and former student Dr. Sung Hyun Jo co-founded the company Crossbar, Inc. to tackle the physical limitations of conventional memory technology. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Alumni  Embedded Computing and Systems  Entrepreneurship  Internet of Things  LNF  Lab-Solid State Electronics (SSEL)  Lu, Wei  Memristor  Solid-State Devices and Nanotechnology  Technology Transfer  

Walter Lasecki and Collaborators Win Best Paper at W4A

A team of four researchers including Prof. Walter Lasecki has won a Best Paper Award at the Web for All (W4A) Conference for "The Effects of Automatic Speech Recognition Quality on Human Transcription Latency," which explores how automated speech recognition and crowd-sourced human correction and generation of transcripts can be traded off to improve accuracy and latency. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Accessibility  Big Data  Interactive Systems  Lab-Artificial Intelligence  Lab-Interactive Systems  Lab-Software Systems  Lasecki, Walter  

GridWatch Named Finalist in Vodafone's Eighth Annual Wireless Innovation Competition

GridWatch, a system for monitoring the state of the power grid using smartphones, has been selected as a finalist in the Vodafone Americas Foundation's Wireless Innovation Project competition. GridWatch is a collaboration between researchers at UM and UC Berkeley; the Michigan researchers include Prof. Prabal Dutta and graduate students Noah Klugman, Pat Pannuto, and William Huang. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Dutta, Prabal  Energy  Graduate Students  Internet of Things  Lab-Computer Engineering (CE Lab)  Sensors  

Dropping USB Drives Is the Easiest Trick Hackers Can Use - And You're Probably a Sucker

Researchers including CSE graduate student Zakir Durumeric have discovered a highly effective security hack to gain access to others' computing systems - leaving USB flash drives with malicious payloads laying on the ground. In their study, they found there is a nearly 50% chance that someone will pick up a given drive, plug it into their computer, and start clicking. This presents the opportunity for malware to be activated. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Graduate Students  Lab-Software Systems  Security (Computing)  

Jacob Abernethy: Machine Learning and the Wisdom of the Crowd

The National Science Foundation reports on the work of Prof. Jacob Abernethy, who is investigating the relationship between machine learning algorithms and market economy dynamics to develop socially beneficial forecasts. His work in this area is supported by a CAREER Award from NSF. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Abernethy, Jake  Economic Systems  Lab-Artificial Intelligence  Machine Learning  

University Collaborates with Toyota on Autonomous Vehicle Hub

Toyota and Michigan have announced a new research collaboration that will involve a new Toyota facility, Mcity, and two faculty with appointments in CSE: Profs. Edwin Olson and Ryan Eustice. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Autonomous Vehicles   Lab-Artificial Intelligence  Olson, Edwin  

With Hospital Ransomware Infections, the Patients Are at Risk

The article in MIT Technology Review quotes Prof. Kevin Fu on the recent string of ransomware attacks against hospitals. Prof. Fu's research is in the area of security for medical equipment, from implanted devices through bedside monitoring equipment, medical diagnostic equipment, and medical IT systems. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Fu, Kevin  Lab-Computer Engineering (CE Lab)  Security (Computing)  

Malware Attacks On Hospitals Put Patients At Risk

The article at NPR describes recent cases in which hospitals became the victims of ransomware attacks. Prof. Kevin Fu, an expert on the security vulnerabilities of medical equipment, is quoted. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Fu, Kevin  Lab-Computer Engineering (CE Lab)  Security (Computing)  

Fundamental science will play a key role in finding cancer cure

Prof. David Blaauw is part of a team that NSF recently funded to develop millimeter-sized, ultra-low-power electronic biosensors for implantation in tumors to determine chemotherapy impacts. Monitoring of tumor micro-environments during therapy could inform chemotherapy duration, result in more successful chemotherapy and advance the science of implantable biosensors. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Blaauw, David  Cancer  Lab-Michigan Integrated Circuits (MICL)  Millimeter-scale Computing  Sylvester, Dennis  Wentzloff, David  

U-M Researchers Launch Fight Against C. difficile with $9.2M Grant from NIH

CSE Prof. Jenna Wiens is a part of the U-M research team that has launched a $9.2 million effort to prevent and treat C. difficile infections. The team was awarded a grant from the National Institutes of Health, which is part of the U.S. governments $1.2 billion effort for a multi-agency attack on antibiotic-resistant bacteria. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Lab-Artificial Intelligence  Machine Learning  Wiens, Jenna  

Machine Learning Proves Useful for Analyzing NBA Ball Screen Defense

A research team including Avery McIntyre (December 2015 alumnus of the undergraduate CS program at Michigan) and Prof. Jenna Wiens has used machine learning to extract information from NBA sports data for automatically recognizing common defense strategies to ball screens. They shared their findings at the 10th MIT Sloan Sports Analytics Conference in Boston. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Alumni  Lab-Artificial Intelligence  Machine Learning  Wiens, Jenna  

MEMS research to assist in treatment of glaucoma selected as a featured article

The paper, Resonant magnetoelastic microstructures for wireless actuation of liquid flow on 3D surfaces and use in glaucoma drainage implants, by Venkatram Pepakayala, Joshua Stein and Prof. Yogesh Gianchandani, was selected as a Featured Article in the journal, Microsystems & Nanoengineering. The researchers created wireless MEMS actuators that facilitate the flow of fluids on the surface of implantable glaucoma drainage devices that help lower eye pressure.
Related Topics:  Gianchandani, Yogesh  MEMS and Microsystems  WIMS/WIMS2  

MEMS Fabrication Research Highlighted by the Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering

The paper, A Fabrication Process for the Monolithic Integration of Magnetoelastic Actuators and Silicon Sensors, by Jun Tang, Dr. Scott Green, and Prof. Yogesh Gianchandani has been selected as one of the 2015 Highlights of the Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering. The researchers achieved a microfabrication process that can be used for specific types of MEMS motors used in wireless sensing systems on a silicon substrate.
Related Topics:  Gianchandani, Yogesh  MEMS and Microsystems  WIMS/WIMS2  

A better 3D camera with clear, graphene light detectors

A camera that can record 3D images and video is under development, with $1.2 million in funding from the W.M. Keck Foundation. The new technology makes use of the special characteristics of graphene, and is anticipated to have dramatic applications in artificial bionic eyes, industrial imaging, robotic vision, and medical imaging. Leading the research are professors Ted Norris, Zhaohui Zhong, and Jeff Fessler. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Fessler, Jeffrey  Graphene  Lab-Optics and Photonics  Lab-Solid State Electronics (SSEL)  Lab-Systems  Medical Imaging  Norris, Theodore B.  Optics and Photonics  Signal and Image Processing   Solid-State Devices and Nanotechnology  Zhong, Zhaohui  

Do kids learn more when they trade in composition books for iPads?

Prof. Elliot Soloway is quotes in this Washington Post article that examines the role of technology, specifically mobile devices, in learning and education. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Lab-Interactive Systems  Soloway, Elliot  Technology for Education  

Honglak Lee Selected for Sloan Research Fellowship

Assistant Professor Honglak Lee has been selected for a 2016 Sloan Research Fellowship by the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation for his work in deep learning and representation learning. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Lab-Artificial Intelligence  Lee, Honglak  

Michael J. Cafarella Selected for Sloan Research Fellowship

Assistant Professor Michael J. Cafarella has been selected for a 2016 Sloan Research Fellowship by the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation for his work in mining and processing large and distributed datasets. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Cafarella, Michael  Lab-Software Systems  

Mosharaf Chowdhury Receives Google Faculty Research Award to Develop Improved Analytics for Geo-Distributed Datasets

Prof. Mosharaf Chowdhury has been awarded a 2016 Google Faculty Research Award for his work in network-aware analytics of geo-distributed datasets, with a goal of improved application-level performance. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Big Data  Chowdhury, Mosharaf  Data Centers  Lab-Software Systems  Networks and Networking  

Power Harvesting Sensor Patch Uses Your Body As a Battery

IEEE Spectrum reported on a sensor patch that can power itself by using thermoelectric materials to turn the temperature difference between your body and the surrounding air into electricity. The project, based at North Caroline State University's Center for Advanced Self-Powered Systems of Integrated Sensors (ASSIST), involves Prof. David Wentzloff, who specializes in integrated circuit design for adaptable wireless communication systems. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Health  Lab-Michigan Integrated Circuits (MICL)  Sensors  Wentzloff, David  

Injectable Radios to Broadcast From Inside the Body

IEEE Spectrum reported on medical devices being developed at Michigan that may one day be small enough to go through a syringe. Professors David Blaauw and David Wentzloff are collaborating with researchers at the U-M medical school to come up with the first test application. These devices will be able to monitor oxygen, glucose, and other biometrics, or follow disease progression in tumors. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Blaauw, David  Health  Lab-Michigan Integrated Circuits (MICL)  Millimeter-scale Computing  Sensors  Wentzloff, David  

Necmiye Ozay Receives CAREER Award for Research in Cyber-Physical Systems

Prof. Necmiye Ozay, assistant professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering, was awarded an NSF CAREER award for her research project, "A Compositional Approach to Modular Cyber-Physical Control System Design." This research is applicable to a wide variety of safety-critical and autonomous systems, including next generation air vehicles, automotive systems, robotics and smart manufacturing. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Cyber-physical systems  Lab-Systems  Ozay, Necmiye  

Jenna Wiens Receives NSF CAREER Award to Increase the Utility of Machine Learning in Clinical Care

Assistant Professor Jenna Wiens has been awarded an NSF CAREER grant for her research project, "CAREER: Adaptable, Intelligible, and Actionable Models: Increasing the Utility of Machine Learning in Clinical Care." Under this project, she will develop data-driven predictive models to transform large and diverse datasets into actionable knowledge for improved patient care. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Big Data  Lab-Artificial Intelligence  Machine Learning  Wiens, Jenna  

Barzan Mozafari Receives NSF CAREER Award to Improve Predictability of Database Systems

Assistant Professor Barzan Mozafari has been awarded an NSF CAREER grant for his research project, "CAREER: Designing a Predictable Database - An Overlooked Virtue." Under this project, Prof. Mozafari aims to restore the missing virtue of predictability in the design of database systems. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Databases  Lab-Software Systems  Mozafari, Barzan  

Energy researchers receive $1.4 million grant

Researchers from the University, including ECE's Prof. Ian Hiskens, have received a $1.4 million grant from the Department of Energy to help develop data on power system optimization in energy grids. The team will work to develop new test cases to formulate better software algorithms for transmission operators to run the energy grid algorithms which regulate energy amounts. These operators are largely non-profit government agencies. The need for such research stems from the ongoing energy transition from traditional, emission-heavy sources such as coal and nuclear power to cleaner, renewable sources like wind and solar. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Energy  Environment  Grid  Hiskens, Ian  Lab-Michigan-Power-and-Energy(MPEL)  

What good is Nanotechnology? NBC Learn brings us Jay Guo to find out

How could something only billionths of a meter thick defend against water, dirt, wear, and even bacteria? Working at the nanoscale, scientists and engineers, like Jay Guo are creating protective nanoscale coatings and layers. These surfaces have applications in energy, electronics, medicine, and could even be used to make a plane invisible. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Guo, L. Jay  Lab-Solid State Electronics (SSEL)  Solid-State Devices and Nanotechnology  

Somin Lee Receives AFOSR Young Investigator Award for Research in Bioplasmonics

Prof. Somin Eunice Lee received a Young Investigator Award from the Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR) to support research that will ultimately help our basic understanding of how tissues form distinct shapes and structure to become organs, such as lungs, salivary glands, and mammary glands. This understanding will facilitate new strategies to engineer replacement tissues. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Health  Lab-Optics and Photonics  Lee, Somin E.  Solid-State Devices and Nanotechnology  

U-M, IBM Partner on Advanced Conversational Computing System

The University of Michigan and IBM have launched a $4.5 million collaboration to develop a new class of conversational technologies that will enable people to interact more naturally and effectively with computers. Under the project, the researchers will develop a cognitive system that functions as an academic advisor for undergraduate computer science and engineering majors at the university. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Artificial Intelligence  Baveja, Satinder Singh  Lab-Artificial Intelligence  Lasecki, Walter  Lee, Honglak  Mars, Jason  Mihalcea, Rada  Mower Provost, Emily  Radev, Dragomir  Tang, Lingjia  

Censys Enables Fast Searching of Actionable Internet Data

CSE researchers have introduced Censys, a search engine that enables researchers to ask questions about the hosts and networks that compose the Internet and get an immediate reply. Censys builds on past work at Michigan that produced the first fast Internet-wide scanner, ZMap. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Graduate Students  Halderman, J. Alex  Lab-Software Systems  Networks and Networking  Security (Computing)  

U-M, Ford are First to Address Autonomous Driving on Snow-Covered Roads

Researchers at U-M and Ford have tested new technology that allows autonomous vehicles to navigate on snow-covered streets. Their solution combines live LIDAR data with learned 3D map stores to enable the systems to compute location and to drive successfully. It is believed that this is the first test to address the challenges of snow-covered roads. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Autonomous Vehicles   Lab-Artificial Intelligence  Olson, Edwin  

How someday robots may run to the rescue -- literally

Prof. Jessy Grizzle Grizzle, along with a group of robotics engineers and students at U-M, is not only working to develop algorithms -- self-contained, step-by-step operations -- to be performed by walking robots, he's working to revolutionize them. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Grizzle, Jessy  Lab-Systems  Robotics  

Michigan Researchers Win the 2016 Applied Networking Research Prize

A team of researchers, including CSE graduate students Zakir Durumeric, David Adrian, James Kasten, CS student Ariana Mirian, and Prof. J. Alex Halderman have received The Applied Networking Research Prize (ANRP) for their paper, "Neither Snow Nor Rain Nor MITM... An Empirical Analysis of Email Delivery Security". The Applied Networking Research Prize (ANRP) recognizes the best new ideas in networking. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Graduate Students  Halderman, J. Alex  Lab-Software Systems  Security (Computing)  Security (national and personal safety)  

Mapping the brain: Probes with tiny LEDs shed light on neural pathways

With the help of light-emitting diodes as small as neurons, University of Michigan researchers are unlocking the secrets of neural pathways in the brain. The researchers have built and tested in mice neural probes that hold what are believed to be the smallest implantable LEDs ever made. The new probes can control and record the activity of many individual neurons, measuring how changes in the activity of a single neuron can affect its neighbors. The team anticipates that experiments using probes based on their design could lead to breakthroughs in understanding and treating neurological diseases such as Alzheimer's. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Brain  Health  International Prog. for the Adv. of Neurotechnology  Ku, Pei-Cheng (P.C.)  Lab-Solid State Electronics (SSEL)  Yoon, Euisik  

Smarter renewable power: six innovations

Innovations are helping renewable energy become more accessible, powerful and effective. Among these are solar cells inspired by ancient Japanese paper cutting. Using this technique allows the cells to flex and track the sun for increased effieciency. The concept was developed in part by Prof. Stephen Forrest, working with prof. Max Shtein in MSE and Matt Shlian in U-M Art and Design. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Forrest, Stephen  Lab-Solid State Electronics (SSEL)  Solar Cell Technology  

2015 CSE Graduate Student Honors Competition Highlights Outstanding Research

Biruk Mammo was the winner of the 2015 CSE Graduate Student Honors Competition. The competition culminated on November 23, when four finalists presented on an area of their research, with a panel of CSE faculty and industry sponsors from Northrop Grumman ranking the presentations. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Graduate Students  Lab-Computer Engineering (CE Lab)  

Ford, Michigan Researchers Test First Autonomous Vehicle at Mcity

Profs. Edwin Olson and Ryan Eustice, working with Ford Motor Company, have been the first to test a fully autonomous vehicle at the University's Mcity test facility. The Ford vehicle features sensing and AI technology developed at Michigan. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Autonomous Vehicles   Lab-Artificial Intelligence  Olson, Edwin  Transportation  

The Promise and Perils of Predictive Policing Based on Big Data

Given our ability to sift through big data and to make predictions from it, we should not be surprised to learn that police departments are using data analysis to move toward "predictive policing." In this article, Prof. HV Jagadish comments on the potential benefits and pitfalls of such approaches. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Big Data  Jagadish, HV  Lab-Software Systems  

U-M Leading International Neurotechnology 'Dream Team' for Brain Research and Education

A "dream team" of experts in sensors, electronics, data analysis and neuroscience has been awarded a $5 million grant to help unravel the mysteries of the brain and cross-train an international group of neuroscientists and engineers. The project is directed by Prof. Euisik Yoon, and includes experts and partner institutions around the world. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Brain  International Prog. for the Adv. of Neurotechnology  Lab-Solid State Electronics (SSEL)  Sensors  Solid-State Devices and Nanotechnology  Wise, Kensall  Yoon, Euisik  

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