Electrical Engineering and Computer Science

Research News

Researchers Employ Unsupervised Funniness Detection in the New Yorker Cartoon Caption Contest

Researchers including Prof. Dragomir Radev and his former student and alumnus Rahul Jha teamed up with Bob Mankoff, Cartoon Editor for The New Yorker, to take a computational approach to understanding humor. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Big Data  Lab-Artificial Intelligence  Radev, Dragomir  

Improving the image quality of ultra-low dose CT scans with big data

Prof. Jeffrey Fessler is collaborating with Prof. Yong Long (ECE alumnus and former member of Prof. Fessler's research group) on research that aims to provide high image quality CT scans while reducing the X-ray radiation dose to an ultra-low level. The team expects to achieve dramatically improved results by including big data analysis of existing CT images in their approach. Prof. Fessler's research in medical imaging is one of five joint projects to receive continued funding as part of the University of Michigan and Shanghai Jiao Tong University Collaborative Research Programs for Energy and Biomedical Technology. The program funds projects that have commercial potential and are likely to attract follow-on research funding from the U.S. and Chinese governments, as well as industry. [read the executive summary of the project] [read the announcement in The University Record]
Related Topics:  Fessler, Jeffrey  Lab-Systems  Medical Imaging  

An Autonomous "SmartCart" Testbed is Coming to Michigan

Researchers led by EECS Prof. Edwin Olson and NAME Prof. Ryan Eustice will be using 3D printed "SmartCarts" at Mcity to develop an on-demand autonomous transit system. The focus of this particular project is not the autonomy itself, but the challenges of an intelligent transit system that include understanding passengers' preferences and expectations, coordinating the routes of a fleet of vehicles, and figuring out how to balance supply and demand. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Autonomous Vehicles   Lab-Artificial Intelligence  Olson, Edwin  

Next generation laser plasma accelerator

Michigan is part of a multi-institution collaboration to develop key laser technology that will enable the design a high-power, ultra-short-pulse laser system which is expected to enable new low-cost, compact accelerator-based light sources for a wide variety of biological, chemical, materials science, and security applications. The technology may also lead to compact, portable TeV (tera electron volt) linear colliders, and enable the same kind of research now being conducted in conventional accelerators, such as the 17 mile Large Hadron Collider, on a table top. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Center for Ultrafast Optical Science (CUOS)  Galvanauskas, Almantas  HERCULES  Lab-Optics and Photonics  Lasers  Optics and Photonics  Optoelectronics  

Researching the Future of Remote Sensing

ECE researchers will explore the fundamental capabilities of remote sensing through a new grant funded by NASA. Directed by Kamal Sarabandi, Rufus S. Teesdale Professor of Engineering, the new program aims to create theoretical models for remote sensing of ice and snow. Specifically, the research seeks to develop a better understanding of wave propagation and scattering, and to improve tools for future monitoring. This work could feed into the development of new sensors for a variety of remote sensing applications. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Environment  Lab-Radiation (RADLAB)  Remote Sensing  Sarabandi, Kamal  

New Michigan-Saudi Arabia Collaboration Promises Exciting New Research - Beginning with the Auto Industry

A new collaborative research center, called the Center of Excellence for Microwave Sensor Technology, has been established between ECE faculty and Saudi Arabias King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology (KACST). The Center will be a major site for research in microwave sensor technology, with the first projects focusing on autonomous vehicles and novel approaches to electric vehicle charging. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Applied Electromagnetics  Automotive industry  Autonomous Vehicles   Lab-Radiation (RADLAB)  Sarabandi, Kamal  

Michigan Researchers Win Both Best Paper Awards at AAMAS 2015

Michigan researchers won both best paper awards at the International Conference on Autonomous Agents & Multiagent Systems 2015, which took place May 4-8 in Istanbul, Turkey. The two winning papers were selected from a field of 127 full paper submissions in the main technical track. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Artificial Intelligence  Baveja, Satinder Singh  Graduate Students  Lab-Artificial Intelligence  Wellman, Michael  

Mud-Fueled Smart Sensors for the Bottom of the Ocean

If you put tiny electrodes in the mud on the ocean floor, you can harvest enough energy to power a tiny sensor platform that can monitor whats going on at those depths. The sensing platform draws just 2 nanowatts, and is part of a broader portfolio of work focused on powering electronic systems with low energy sources. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Blaauw, David  Integrated Circuits and VLSI  Internet of Things  Lab-Michigan Integrated Circuits (MICL)  Sensors  Sylvester, Dennis  

Michigan Researchers Win Best Poster Award at MobiSys 2015

CSE graduate student researchers Shichang Xu, Ashkan Nikravesh, Hongyi Yao (University of Michigan), David R. Choffnes (Northwestern University) with advisor Prof. Z. Morley Mao have won the Best Poster Award at MobiSys 2015. The poster describes their work in measuring important network phenomena for debugging problems at the edge of a cellular network. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Graduate Students  Lab-Software Systems  Mao, Zhuoqing Morley  Mobile Computing  Wireless Communications  

What makes cancer cells spread? New device offers clues

Why do some cancer cells break away from a tumor and travel to distant parts of the body? A team of oncologists and engineers from the University of Michigan teamed up to help understand this crucial question. Prof. Euisik Yoon led the engineering team that created a new device that is able to sort cells based on their ability to move. Cancer becomes deadly when it spreads, or metastasizes. Not all cells have the same ability to travel through the body, but researchers dont understand why. This study is a step towards coming to that understanding. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Health  Lab-Solid State Electronics (SSEL)  MEMS and Microsystems  Solid-State Devices and Nanotechnology  Yoon, Euisik  

Computer Engineering Research Lab Explores the Bounds of Computer Integration

The new Computer Engineering Lab at U-M is the successor to the 30-year-old ACAL Lab and is home to researchers who are looking to stretch the definition of how computational systems are designed and employed. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Bertacco, Valeria  Lab-Computer Engineering (CE Lab)  

Space Tethers Can Be Used to Fling Spacecraft Into Interplanetary Space

Brian Gilchrist is collaborating with NASA researchers and the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory to develop space tethers - a means to "fling" spacecraft further into interplanetary space. Electromagnetic tethers on already-orbiting or space bound satellites could be used to move a spacecraft in space without any propellant whatsoever. The tether could be used to deorbit out-of-use spacecraft, push spacecraft from low Earth orbit into higher orbits, or even push spacecraft out of Earth's orbit altogether. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Gilchrist, Brian E.  Lab-Radiation (RADLAB)  

Designing Machines - Can we create machines who learn like we do?

Technology certainly seems smart now - phones listen and talk, computers interpret images and video - but in spite of that, the field of artificial intelligence might best be described as a hot mess: an assortment of intriguing pieces that have yet to be integrated into a truly intelligent system. This article in looks at some of those pieces and how they might fit together. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Artificial Intelligence  Lab-Artificial Intelligence  Lab-Solid State Electronics (SSEL)  Laird, John  Lee, Honglak  Lu, Wei  Memristor  Solid-State Devices and Nanotechnology  

Worlds Largest Processor Announced; Perfect for Big Data and Other Applications

Computer architecture researchers in the Computer Science and Engineering division of the EECS Department at the University of Michigan have announced a new paradigm in the evolution of computer development: the worlds largest processor chip, designed for big data. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Lab-Computer Engineering (CE Lab)  

Security Flaw in New South Wales Puts Thousands of Online Votes at Risk

A security flaw detected by Prof. J. Alex Halderman and Dr. Vanessa Teague of the University of Melborne may have exposed thousands of votes to manipulation during a six-day period of online voting in New South Wales, Australia. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Digital Democracy  Halderman, J. Alex  Lab-Software Systems  Security (Computing)  

Michigan Micro Mote (M3) Makes History

Michigan Micro Mote (M3), the worlds smallest computer, is taking its place among other revolutionary accomplishments in the history of computing at the Computer History Museum in Mountain View, CA. Measuring in at less than a half a centimeter, it is a fully autonomous computing system that acts as a smart sensing system. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Blaauw, David  Dutta, Prabal  Integrated Circuits and VLSI  Internet of Things  Lab-Michigan Integrated Circuits (MICL)  Sensors  Sylvester, Dennis  Wentzloff, David  

Meet Sirius: An Open-Source Digital Assistant

CSE researchers have introduced Sirius, an open-source computing system designed to spark a new generation of intelligent personal assistants for wearables and other devices. Core functionalities include speech recognition, image matching, natural language processing, and a Q&A system. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Cloud Computing  Computer Architecture  Data Centers  Lab-Computer Engineering (CE Lab)  Mars, Jason  Tang, Lingjia  

EE Times Highlights ECE Research at ISSCC

EE Times offered 18 Views of ISSCC through photos of some of the most interesting and cutting-edge products and research shown at the event. They showcased research by Prof. Blaauw, Prof. Sylvester, and graduate student Wootaek Lim. The chip is an ARM Cortex-M0+ running off a 0.09mm2 solar cell that puts out 400 picowatts, thanks to novel circuits designed to suppress power leakage. Electronics360 previewed the work, calling it a stand-out paper. [Electronics360 preview]
Related Topics:  Blaauw, David  Integrated Circuits and VLSI  Lab-Michigan Integrated Circuits (MICL)  Sylvester, Dennis  

Prabal Dutta Selected for Sloan Research Fellowship

Professor Prabal Dutta has been selected for a Sloan Research Fellowship for his work in developing energy-scavenging sensors and wireless communications, mobile-sensor-interfaces, and "Smart Dust" system architecture. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Computer Architecture  Dutta, Prabal  Internet of Things  Lab-Computer Engineering (CE Lab)  Sensors  

J. Alex Halderman Selected for Sloan Research Fellowship

Professor J. Alex Halderman has been selected for a Sloan Research Fellowship for his work in the science of computer and network security with an emphasis on problems that broadly impact society and public policy. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Cryptography  Digital Democracy  Halderman, J. Alex  Lab-Software Systems  Security (Computing)  Security (national and personal safety)  

Jacob Abernethy Receives NSF CAREER Award

Prof. Jacob Abernethy has received an NSF CAREER Award for his research project, "CAREER: Machine Learning through the Lens of Economics (And Vice Versa)," to investigate the relationship between machine learning and microeconomic theory. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Abernethy, Jake  Artificial Intelligence  Economic Systems  Lab-Artificial Intelligence  Machine Learning  

Grant Schoenebeck Receives NSF CAREER Award

Prof. Grant Schoenebeck has received an NSF CAREER Award for his research project, "CAREER: Social Networks Processes, Structures, and Algorithms," to develop a rigorous theoretical understanding of complex networks. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Lab-Theory of Computation  Schoenebeck, Grant  Social Media  Theory  

Jason Corso Receives Google Faculty Research Award

Prof. Jason Corso received a 2015 Google Faculty Research Award to further his research in computational learning from instructional video content. His goal is to develop a consistent and reliable method for producing a visual and textual summary of any video that describes a process - from simple sandwich how-to's to more elaborate technical processes. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Artificial Intelligence  Computer Vision  Corso, Jason  Lab-Systems  Machine Learning  Robotics and Computer Vision  

CSE Graduate Student Develops Lower-Cost Self-Driving Car Navigation System

CSE graduate student Ryan Wolcott has developed a navigation system for autonomous vehicles that leverages game technology and which could eliminate the need for expensive laser-scanning sensor systems. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Artificial Intelligence  Autonomous Vehicles   Graduate Students  Lab-Artificial Intelligence  

Researchers Gather at CSE for Midwest Theory Day

Computer scientists and mathematicians from across the greater midwest region gathered at CSE on December 6, 2014 for the 66th Midwest Theory Day. The event provided an opportunity for the theory community to meet up, share research findings, and initiate collaborations. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Lab-Theory of Computation  Theory  

The Center for Future Architectures Research Holds Annual Research Review at U-M

The Center for Future Architectures Research (C-FAR) held its Annual Research Review on Nov. 20-21 at the University of Michigan. The event featured research updates from some of the leading researchers in computer architecture on exciting new topics in the field. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Computer Architecture  Lab-Computer Engineering (CE Lab)  

Computer Architecture Researchers Debate Future for Von Neumann Architecture

On December 16, 2014, computer architecture researchers and scientists assembled in the debating chamber of the University of Cambridge Union for a hot debate on whether or not the end of the road has been reached for the Von Neumann Architecture. Chairing the debate was Trevor Mudge, Bredt Professor of Engineering at the University of Michigan. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Computer Architecture  Lab-Computer Engineering (CE Lab)  Mudge, Trevor  

Protean Code Allows Data Center Servers to Adapt to Changing Environments with Breakthrough Compiler Technology

A team of CSE researchers including Prof. Jason Mars, Prof Lingjia Tang, and graduate student Michael Laurenzano has developed Protean Code, a technique which efficiently and continuously transforms the way in which the application programs running in data centers are recompiled in order to adapt to changing compute environments. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Data Centers  Lab-Computer Engineering (CE Lab)  Mars, Jason  Tang, Lingjia  

The Future of Solar: $1.3M to Advance Organic Photovoltaics

The Department of Energy (DOE) awarded Michigan Engineering Professor Stephen Forrests group a $1.35 million Next Generation Photovoltaics grant earlier this fall, aimed at advancing the practical viability of organic photovoltaics, a carbon-based version of solar technology that promises to radically change the way the suns energy is collected. Forrest is the Paul G. Goebel Professor of Engineering in the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, and Physics and the former U-M Vice President of Research. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Forrest, Stephen  LEDs  Lab-Optics and Photonics  Lab-Solid State Electronics (SSEL)  Optics and Photonics  Optoelectronics  Solar Cell Technology  Solid-State Devices and Nanotechnology  Sustainability  

Scott Mahlke Elected IEEE Fellow for Contributions to Compiler Code Generation and Automatic Processor Customization

CSE Associate Chair and Prof. Scott Mahlke has been named an IEEE Fellow, Class of 2015, "for contributions to compiler code generation and automatic processor customization." [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Computer Architecture  Lab-Computer Engineering (CE Lab)  Mahlke, Scott  Parallel Computing  

CS Researchers Introduce New Certificate Authority in Aim to Securely Encrypt Every Website

Computer science researchers including Prof. J. Alex Halderman and CSE graduate student James Kasten have announced Let's Encrypt, a free, automated, and open certificate authority that is intended to bring secure encryption to the entire web. Let's Encrypt was developed with the Electronic Frontier Foundation and Mozilla and will debut in summer 2015. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Cryptography  Halderman, J. Alex  Lab-Software Systems  Networks and Networking  Security (Computing)  Security (national and personal safety)  

Computer Scientists Win Best Paper Award at ACM IMC for Analysis of the Impact of the Recent Heartbleed Vulnerability

A team of computer scientists including Prof. J. Alex Halderman, CSE graduate student and lead co-author Zakir Durumeric, and CSE graduate students James Kasten and David Adrian, has won a Best Paper Award at the 2014 ACM Internet Measurement Conference for their comprehensive, measurement-based analysis of the impact of the recent Heartbleed vulnerability, and the server operator community's response to it. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Graduate Students  Halderman, J. Alex  Lab-Software Systems  Networks and Networking  Security (Computing)  Security (national and personal safety)  Software Systems  

Yelin Kim Wins Best Student Paper Award at ACM Multimedia 2014 for Research in Facial Emotion Recognition

Yelin Kim has won the Best Student Paper Award at the 22nd ACM International Conference on Multimedia (ACM MM 2014) for her research in facial emotion recognition. The paper, "Say Cheese vs. Smile: Reducing Speech-Related Variability for Facial Emotion Recognition," was co-authored by her advisor, Prof. Emily Mower Provost. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Graduate Students  Lab-Systems  Mower Provost, Emily  Signal and Image Processing   

Michigan and Prof. Forrest awarded photovoltaics R&D award from the U.S. Dept. of Energy SunShot Initiative

U-M was selected as part of the U.S. Dept. of Energy SunShot's "Next Generation Photovoltaics 3" program and was the only project awarded for organic photovoltaic ("OPV") research and development. Prof. Stephen Forrest said he very pleased to be able to continue his work on the SunShot Initiative. Forrest has achieved significant results in the area of organic photovoltaics, and believes they have the potential to redefine the cost structure of the solar industry and introduce solar power to untapped applications." [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Energy  Forrest, Stephen  Solar Cell Technology  Solid-State Devices and Nanotechnology  Sustainability  

Yang Liu Receives Best Applications Paper Award for Cyber Security Research in Phishing

Yang Liu, Ph.D Candidate in Electrical Engineering:Systems, earned a Best Applications Paper Award from the ACM/IEEE International Conference on Data Science and Advanced Analytics (DSAA2014) for his recent research on phishing. His paper detailed his use of big data analysis to solve a major problem of cyber security [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Big Data  Communications  Graduate Students  Liu, Mingyan  Security (Computing)  

John P. Hayes Recognized with SIGDA Pioneering Achievement Award

John P. Hayes, Claude E. Shannon Professor of Engineering Science, has been recognized with the 2014 SIGDA Pioneering Achievement Award "for his pioneering contributions to logic design, fault tolerant computing, and testing." The award was given at ICCAD on Nov. 3 in San Jose. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Computer-Aided Design & VLSI  Hayes, John  Lab-Computer Engineering (CE Lab)  

Prof. Robert Dick to Apply Cyber Information to Air Quality Management

Prof. Robert Dick, Associate Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering and specialist in embedded systems, received a CyberSEES grant to study the impact of weather and human activity on production of, and exposure to, ozone and other air pollutants. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Dick, Robert  Embedded Computing and Systems  Environment  Lab-Michigan Integrated Circuits (MICL)  

Prof. Johanna Mathieu Working to Bring Power from Sustainable Sources to Your Home

ECE Prof. Johanna Mathieu received a grant under the NSF Cyber-Innovation for Sustainability Science and Engineering program to pursue "Data-driven approaches to managing uncertain load control in sustainable power systems." She is working on the problem of how best to integrate wind and solar power into the nation's established electrical grid system. The research may one day impact the nation's energy policy as it attempts to balance the cost of energy with the environmental impact of generating that energy. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Control Systems  Grid  Mathieu, Johanna  Power & Energy  Wind Technology  

Prof. Becky Peterson Awarded DARPA Young Faculty Award to Investigate New Materials for Power Semiconductor Devices

Becky Peterson, assistant professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering, was recently awarded a 2014 DARPA Young Faculty Award for her research project, "Amorphous Oxide Thin Film Transistors for Switched-Mode Power Supplies." Such power supplies could potentially be used in a wide variety of wireless sensing and actuation systems, including those that deal with security and monitoring of the environment and medical conditions. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Diversity and Outreach  Peterson, Becky (R. L.)  Solid-State Devices and Nanotechnology  

Prof. Necmiye Ozay Awarded DARPA Young Faculty Award for Research in Cyber and Physical Systems

Necmiye Ozay, assistant professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering, has received a 2014 DARPA Young Faculty Award for her research project, Dynamics-based information extraction: a hybrid systems approach." Her research will impact the safety and security of cyber and physical systems. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Control Systems  Cyber-physical systems  Diversity and Outreach  Ozay, Necmiye  

Mapping the brain with lasers

Individual parts of the brain can be activated and de-activated by shining light on the neurons, and researchers are using this ability to chart how different areas of the brain function. To zoom in on individual neuron circuits within the brain, more precise light sources are needed. ECE professor Euisik Yoon is leading a team that will design and build these new light sources with a variety of lasers. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Brain  Health  Solid-State Devices and Nanotechnology  Yoon, Euisik  

Blue LED breakthrough for efficient electronics

In a step that could lead to longer battery life in smartphones and lower power consumption for large-screen televisions, Prof. Stephen Forrest and his team have extended the lifetime of blue organic light emitting diodes by a factor of 10. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Electronic devices  Forrest, Stephen  LEDs  Solid-State Devices and Nanotechnology  

Fighting lung cancer with faster image processing

A new $1.9 million research program led by Prof. Jeff Fessler seeks to make low-dose computed tomography scans a viable screening technique by speeding up the image reconstruction from half an hour or more to just five minutes.The advance could be particularly important for fighting lung cancers, as symptoms often appear too late for effective treatment. Prof. Thomas Wenisch is collaborating on the project. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Fessler, Jeffrey  Medical Imaging  Medical diagnosis  Signal and Image Processing   Wenisch, Thomas  

Jia Deng Wins Best Paper Award at ECCV

Prof. Jia Deng and his collaborators have won the Best Paper Award at ECCV for "Large-Scale Object Classification using Label Relation Graphs." It addresses a computer's ability to accurately classify objects in images, which is a fundamental challenge in computer vision research and an important building block for tasks such as localization, detection, and scene parsing. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Deng, Jia  Lab-Artificial Intelligence  Robotics and Computer Vision  

Kyu-Tae Lee Wins Best Poster Award for Colorful Solar Cells

ECE graduate student Kyu-Tae Lee received a Best Poster Award at the 40th Annual Michigan AVS Symposium. His poster described the creation of solar cell device structures that enable attractive multi-colored solar cells that can be used on windows and other interior and exterior surfaces. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Graduate Students  Guo, L. Jay  Solar Cell Technology  Solid-State Devices and Nanotechnology  

Shared Memory in Mobile Operating Systems Provides Ingress Point for Hackers

Computer science researchers have exposed a shared memory weakness believed to exist in Android, Windows, and iOS operating systems that could be used to obtain personal information from unsuspecting users. The research team has demonstrated how passwords, photos, and other personal information can be stolen while users use popular mainstream apps. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Lab-Software Systems  Mao, Zhuoqing Morley  Security (Computing)  

Researchers Expose Security Flaws in Backscatter X-ray Scanners

A team of security researchers including Prof. J. Alex Halderman and graduate student Eric Wustrow have discovered several security vulnerabilities in the full-body backscatter X-ray scanners that were deployed to U.S. airports between 2009 and 2013. The researchers were able to slip knives, guns, and other contraband past the systems. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Halderman, J. Alex  Lab-Software Systems  Security (Computing)  

Sensors in the Soil (video)

Soil moisture information is just as important to NASA engineers as it is to local farmers. For example, this data is used to monitor climate patterns and predict landslides. Prof. Mingyan Liu is working on a system that will make collecting and analyzing this data more accurate. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Communications  Environment  Liu, Mingyan  Sensors  

Researchers Demo Hack to Seize Control of Municipal Traffic Signal Systems

Computer science researchers working with Prof. J. Alex Halderman have demonstrated that a number of security flaws exist in commonly-deployed networked traffic signal systems that leave the systems vulnerable to attack or manipulation. They presented their findings at the 8th USENIX Workshop on Offensive Technologies. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Halderman, J. Alex  Lab-Software Systems  Security (Computing)  

Solving the Big Data Dilemma

Prof. Laura Balzano talks about how to get the best results from big collections of data. Science, healthcare, economics, infrastructure and government could be completely changed by effectively using big data. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Balzano, Laura  Big Data  Environment  Health  Information Technology  Signal and Image Processing   

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