Instructor: Jeff Fessler
This is essentially a special topics course and the content will vary each time it is taught and will depend on the instructor. The most recent versions by Professor Fessler covered image reconstruction algorithms and inverse problems.
Being a special topics course, rarely will there be a formal textbook. Typically the material will be drawn from the relatively recent signal processing literature.
Varies with each offering. See the Lecture-by-Lecture List of Topics for for one example.